Nucleic Acids are the naturally occurring molecules that code the genetic information of organisms. They are also called as the storehouse of genetic information. There are two types of nucleic acids: Deoxyribonucleic acid – DNA and Ribonucleic acid – RNA, which are the code for genetic information.

James Watson and Francis Crick were the first molecular biologist and geneticist to propose the double helix structure of the DNA molecule. According to their theories, discoveries, and research, the DNA structure is mainly composed of nucleotides and form a double helix structure, which is similar to the shape of the twisted-ladder. In most of the higher animals and humans, DNA is the genetic material and represents a collection of genes – which are the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.

Here, in this article let us learn interesting facts about the Nucleic Acids.


All human being shares 99% of their DNA with every other human.


Both Humans and chimpanzees share about 90-98% common DNA.


Deoxyribonucleic acid- DNA is found within the nucleus of every cell.


The main sources of Nucleic Acids include all organic meats, cauliflower mushrooms, and other rapidly growing food products.


Nucleic Acids play an important role in almost every biological process in the human body.


Every single cell in our body contains DNA and each strand of DNA measured about 1.8 meters long.


Both DNA and RNA act as antioxidants, which is involved in encouraging cellular growth and muscular growth, and also strengthens the immune system.


Nucleic Acids are also involved in the transmission of inherited characteristics from parents to children and are also involved in the synthesis of proteins.


In Human digestive system, the complete digestion process of these Nucleic Acids takes place in the small intestine by breaking down into smaller particles before they are absorbed into the cells.


Every living organism on this earth needs DNA to live and life is not possible without DNA, as it contains the genetic information used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms.

These were a few interesting facts about the Nucleic Acids.

For more information and facts about the Nucleic Acids and other related topics, students can visit our BYJU’S website and also learn by watching interactive video lessons by subscribing to the YouTube Channel.